CBD is becoming more and more known and is a growing market. But did you know that the use of cannabis for medical or religious purposes is very old? And that CBD was discovered as early as 1940? We suggest you discover the history of CBD.
Cannabis, known and used since antiquity
Before looking at the history of CBD, let’s look at the history of the plant from which it comes, hemp, or Cannabis L. Sativa. This plant grows spontaneously in many climates, especially in tropical and humid areas, and has always accompanied man. If nowadays, cannabis has an image above all of drug associated with a recreational use, it was not always the case!
The Chou-King, one of the founding books of Chinese culture, dated for the oldest parts to -300 years before our era, already mentions the use of hemp. Its fibers were then used for the manufacture of fabrics and clothing. Cannabis was also part of the traditional pharmacopoeia to treat certain pathologies such as rheumatism.
Closer to us, Queen Victoria would have consumed cannabis in the 19th century to relieve her menstrual cramps. At that time, cannabis was indeed commonly recommended by doctors. In England, it was for example prescribed in the form of cannabis tincture. Another classic use of cannabis is in religious rituals. In India, for example, cannabis is added to drinks or smoked for ritual purposes. However, it is only recently that science has made it possible to know the different molecules of cannabis that have an effect on the body.
CBD, a discovery of 1940
The discovery of CBD dates from the middle of the last century. The English chemist Robert S . Cahn first discovered the structure of CBN in the 30s. It was in the 40s that the American chemist Roger Adams isolated CBD, the first cannabinoid really discovered. His research will also allow him to synthesize CBN and to discover THC, the psychotropic substance of cannabis.
However, it will be necessary to wait a few more years before the progress of science is able to update the molecular structure of cannabinoids and to understand their mechanisms of action. The first to have discovered in detail the molecular structure of the different cannabinoids and to have sensed their mechanisms of action was Dr. Raphael Mechoulam in 1963. The following year, Dr. Mechoulam discovered the stereochemistry of THC and demonstrated the causal link between cannabinoids and the euphoric effect of cannabis consumption. Finally, this researcher also marked the history of CBD research by conducting a study in 1980 on the potential use of CBD in the treatment of epilepsy. This early research helped many other researchers.
Research on CBD, its action on the endocannabinoid system and its multiple fields of application have indeed continued to progress. Even if there is still much to discover about cannabidiol and its benefits on the body, we already know that it is an effective painkiller, relaxant and anti-inflammatory. And this better knowledge of CBD has a very positive impact on the evolution of the legislation that regulates the production and consumption of hemp. Little by little, many countries are indeed reconsidering the classification of cannabis which was considered for a long time only as a drug.